Views: 5 Author: songalloy Publish Time: 2020-12-08 Origin: Ruiyang company
Stainless steel is a kind of not easy to rust steel,also have heat-resistant steel,it is ferrous alloy, A high alloy steel that can resist corrosion in air or chemical corrosion medium. it is a corrosion-resistant alloy of iron,chromium nickel and Titanium, molybdenum,Aluminium,Cobalt,even other metals vanadium and others elements
Completely and infinitely recyclable, stainless steel is the “green material” par excellence. In fact, within the construction sector, its actual recovery rate is close to 100%. Stainless steel is also environmentally neutral and inert, and its longevity ensures it meets the needs of sustainable construction. Furthermore, it does not leach compounds that could modify its composition when in contact with elements like water.
In addition to these environmental benefits, stainless steel is also aesthetically appealing, extremely hygienic, easy to maintain, highly durable and offers a wide variety of aspects. As a result, stainless steel can be found in many everyday objects. It also plays a prominent role in an array of industries, including energy, transportation, building, research, medicine, food and logistics.
Composition of Stainless Steel
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. Stainless steels are steels containing at least 10.5% chromium, less than 1.2% carbon and other alloying elements. Stainless steel’s corrosion resistance and mechanical properties can be further enhanced by adding other elements, such as nickel, molybdenum, titanium, niobium, manganese, etc.
Reaction to Contact with Air, Humidity or Water
On contact with oxygen, a chromium oxide layer is formed on the surface of the material. This passive layer protects it and has the unique ability to repair itself.
General Properties of Stainless Steel
Stainless steel has a great variety of surface finishes, from matt to bright and including brushed and engraved. It can be embossed or tinted, making stainless a unique and aesthetic material. It is often used by architects for building material, interior design and street furniture.
Compared to other materials, stainless steel has strong mechanical properties at ambient temperatures – it is steel after all! In particular, it combines ductility, elasticity and hardness, enabling it to be used in difficult metal forming modes (deep stamping, flat bending, extrusion, etc.) while offering resistance to heavy wear (friction, abrasion, impact, elasticity, etc.). Furthermore, it offers good mechanical behaviour at both low and high temperatures.
Resistance to Fire
Stainless steel has the best fire resistance of all metallic materials when used in structural applications, having a critical temperature above 800°C. Stainless steel is good and safe for fire resistance with no toxic fume emissivity.
With a minimum chromium content of 10.5%, stainless steel is continuously protected by a passive layer of chromium oxide that forms naturally on the surface through the reaction of the chromium with oxygen from air or water. If the surface is scratched, it regenerates itself. This particularity give stainless steels their corrosion resistance.
Stainless steel items are easy to clean, usual cleaning products (detergents, soap powders) are sufficient and do not damage the surface. Stainless steel fully meets the requirements of decoration and cooking utensils that require frequent and effective washing.
Stainless steel is the“green material” par excellence and is infinitely recyclable. Within the construction sector, its actual recovery rate is close to 100%. It is environmentally neutral and inert when in contact with elements such as water and it does not leach compounds that might modify their composition. These qualities make stainless steel ideally suited to building applications exposed to adverse weather, such as roofs, facades, rainwater recovery systems and domestic water pipes. Stainless steel’s longevity fulfils the requirements of sustainable construction, and effective erection, installation and low maintenance guarantee the user an unrivalled service life.
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